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Gallery 6 Figures and Cannon

The robust bronze smoothbore, dubbed the “Napoleon,” after the French emperor Napoleon III who guided its development in the early 1850s, fired a round, 4.62-inch, 12.30 lb. projectile to a range of about 1,700 yards. It was reasonably accurate and was particularly effective as a direct fire weapon against infantry. It threw shot, shell, case shot and a deadly canister containing 48 one-inch balls. The Napoleon’s devastating fire power and maneuverability made it a popular weapon for Union light artillery. (National Museum of the United States Army, Duane Lempke)